31 , 1942
BAILEY EXPLAINS POINT RATIONING SOON TO BE USED
board Executive simplifies new system to be introduced.
facts on point rationing were outlined today by H.P.
Bailey, Chairman of the Harrison-Mamaroneck War Price
and Rationing Board. Point rationing will be introduced
to Americans early in 1943. when War Rationing Book
Two is distributed.
purpose of point rationing is to guarantee everyone
a fair share of scarce but essential goods while at
the same time giving everyone a variety of items from
which to choose.
are three chief differences between point rationing
and the coupon rationing which is now in effect for
sugar and coffee.
first important difference is this: under straight coupon
rationing one coupon entitles the consumer to buy a
specific amount of a single commodity - such as one
sugar coupon entitles you to buy a specified amount
in point rationing one set of coupons covers a whole
group of commodities. For instance, your week's meat
ration coupons would enable you to choose your ration
freely among beef, veal, pork, lamb, or mutton.
second important difference is this: The coupons in
point rationing are of different denominations. Those
to be spent in one week, for example, will include a
one-point coupon, a two-point coupon, a five point coupon
and an eight-point coupon.
third important difference is this: The various rationed
items in one group will have different point values.
For example, tenderloin steak, been relatively scarcer,
have a high point value and require a larger number
of coupons, while hamburger, being available in greater
quantities would have a lower point value. Thus, in
exchange for a ration coupon worth eight points, the
housewife might be able to obtain 1 pound of tenderloin
steak, or 4 pounds of hamburger. (Point values had NOT
been set; values used here are for illustration purposes
The government will set the point value for each item
within the group of rationed products and issue an official
list. Point values will be based on available supplies,
and will vary as supplies of particular items increase
Ration Book Two will have four pages of blue stamps
and four pages of red stamps. The blue stamps will be
used for the first group of goods to be rationed by
points. The red stamps will be used for the second group
of point-rationed items. The number on each stamp tells
how many points the stamp is worth. The letter on each
stamped tells for what period it is good. The government
will announce these periods in advance.
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